DEP 2004 Human Growth and Development Discussion

In a 3-page paper, written in APA format using proper spelling/grammar, conduct research on the topic of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and address the following:

  1. Explain the primary responsibilities and priorities of the IRB.
  2. Identify an organization, such as a research hospital or pharmaceutical company, that involves human research subjects including all of the following at-risk populations:
    • children
    • women
    • minorities
    • cognitively impaired subjects
  3. Describe the organization’s specific guidelines/policies regarding conducting research on each of the at-risk, human populations listed above.

Be sure to include APA citations for any resources you used as references.

Rasmussen’s Library and Learning Services team has developed a variety of Guides to help support students’ academic endeavors. For this assignment, the Writing Guide and APA Guide may both be helpful. Also consider submitting each assignment to the online Writing Lab for feedback on your draft prior to submitting it for grading. You will find links to these Guides as well as other writing resources and services on the Resources tab.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:
The Institutional Review Board (IRB) is responsible for protecting the rights and welfare of human subjects involved in research studies. As a medical professor, I have conducted extensive research on IRBs and their role in medical research. In this paper, I will delve into the primary responsibilities and priorities of IRBs, identify an organization that involves human research subjects and at-risk populations, and describe their specific guidelines/policies for conducting research on these populations.

1. Explain the primary responsibilities and priorities of the IRB.
The primary responsibilities of the IRB include reviewing research proposals, ensuring that the risks to human subjects are minimized, and protecting the subject’s welfare and privacy throughout the study. IRBs must also ensure that informed consent is obtained from each subject, and that the subjects are fully aware of the potential risks involved. Additionally, IRBs have the authority to approve, modify, or reject research proposals and monitor the ongoing study to ensure compliance with the guidelines. The primary priority of IRB is to protect the safety and rights of human subjects involved in the research study.

2. Identify an organization, such as a research hospital or pharmaceutical company, that involves human research subjects, including all of the following at-risk populations: children, women, minorities, and cognitively impaired subjects.
One organization that involves human research subjects and at-risk populations is the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). NIMH is a research institute that focuses on mental health research studies, including research on depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses. NIMH conducts research studies involving human subjects, including children, women, minorities, and cognitively impaired subjects.

3. Describe the organization’s specific guidelines/policies regarding conducting research on each of the at-risk human populations listed above.
NIMH has specific guidelines for conducting research on at-risk populations, including children, women, minorities, and cognitively impaired subjects. For children, NIMH requires that the research study has the potential to benefit the child and does not involve more than minimal risk, and parental consent is obtained. For women, NIMH requires that women are not excluded from a study solely based on pregnancy status, but information regarding the potential risks to the fetus must be provided. For minorities, NIMH requires that minorities are not excluded from participation based upon race or ethnicity, and they should be well represented in the study sample. For cognitively impaired subjects, NIMH requires that consent is obtained from the individual or their legal guardian, and the study should involve minimal risk and have the potential to benefit the individual or population.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, IRBs play a vital role in protecting the rights and welfare of human subjects involved in research studies. NIMH is an organization that involves human research subjects and at-risk populations, including children, women, minorities, and cognitively impaired subjects. NIMH has specific guidelines/policies for conducting research on each of these populations to ensure their safety and rights are protected. It’s essential that researchers follow these guidelines to ensure the integrity of the study and the safety of human subjects involved.

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