Do Nurse Practitioners Perform Pap Smears? Everything You Need to Know


A pap smear is a screening test that checks for abnormal cells on the cervix. The cervix is the opening to the uterus. Pap smears can help detect cervical cancer early, when it is most treatable.

Nurse practitioners are advanced practice registered nurses who can perform pap smears. They have the education and training to provide a wide range of healthcare services, including preventive care, diagnosis, and treatment.

Nurse practitioners and pap smears

Nurse practitioners are qualified to perform pap smears because they have the necessary education and training. They must complete a master’s degree in nursing and pass a national certification exam. Nurse practitioners also receive training in women’s health care, including pap smears.

There are many benefits to seeing a nurse practitioner for a pap smear. Nurse practitioners are highly skilled and experienced healthcare professionals who can provide compassionate and personalized care. They are also often more accessible than doctors, and they may be able to offer shorter appointment times and more flexible scheduling options.

How to prepare for a pap smear

Here are some tips on how to prepare for a pap smear:

  • Schedule your pap smear for a time when you are not on your period.
  • Avoid douching or using vaginal products for at least 24 hours before your pap smear.
  • Do not have sex for at least 24 hours before your pap smear.

What to expect during a pap smear

A pap smear is a quick and painless procedure. During the procedure, the nurse practitioner will use a speculum to open your vagina. They will then use a small brush to collect cells from the cervix. The cells will be sent to a laboratory for testing.

After your pap smear

You may experience some light spotting or cramping after your pap smear. This is normal and should go away on its own within a few days.

How to interpret your pap smear results

Your pap smear results will be classified as normal, atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL).

A normal pap smear result means that no abnormal cells were found. An ASC-US result means that some abnormal cells were found, but they are unlikely to be cancerous. An LSIL result means that slightly abnormal cells were found. An HSIL result means that moderately to severely abnormal cells were found.

If you have an abnormal pap smear result, your nurse practitioner will discuss your options with you. You may need to have additional tests, such as a colposcopy or biopsy.


How often should I get a pap smear?

The American Cancer Society recommends that women aged 21 to 65 get a pap smear every three years. Women over the age of 65 may be able to get a pap smear less often, depending on their medical history.

Do I need a pap smear if I’m not sexually active?

Yes. Even if you are not sexually active, you should still get regular pap smears. Cervical cancer can develop in any woman, regardless of her sexual activity.

What if I’m pregnant?

You can still get a pap smear while you are pregnant. In fact, it is important to get a pap smear during pregnancy to check for any abnormal cells.

What if I have my period?

You should reschedule your pap smear if you are on your period. The blood from your period can interfere with the test results.

Is a pap smear painful?

A pap smear is a quick and painless procedure. You may feel some slight discomfort when the speculum is inserted, but the procedure itself should not be painful.

What are the risks of a pap smear?

The risks of a pap smear are very low. Some women may experience light spotting or cramping after the procedure. In rare cases, a pap smear may cause an infection.


Pap smears are an important part of women’s preventive healthcare. Nurse practitioners are qualified to perform pap smears and can provide compassionate and personalized care. If you are due for a pap smear, schedule an appointment with your nurse pratitioner today.

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