How to Write an Evidence-Based Practice Nursing Paper: A Comprehensive Guide

Why is EBP important in nursing?

EBP is important in nursing because it helps nurses to provide the best possible care to their patients. By basing their practice on the best available evidence, nurses can improve patient outcomes and reduce the risk of harm.

EBP is also important because it helps nurses to stay up-to-date on the latest research and best practices. This is essential in a field that is constantly changing and evolving.

What are the benefits of writing an EBP nursing paper?

There are many benefits to writing an EBP nursing paper. These benefits include:

  • Improved knowledge and understanding of EBP:

    Writing an EBP paper forces you to think critically about EBP and to apply it to a specific topic. This process can help you to deepen your understanding of EBP and to develop your own EBP skills.

  • Enhanced research skills:

    Writing an EBP paper requires you to conduct a thorough literature review. This process can help you to develop your research skills, such as identifying relevant sources, evaluating evidence, and synthesizing information.

  • Improved writing skills:

    Writing an EBP paper requires you to communicate complex ideas in a clear and concise manner. This process can help you to improve your writing skills, which will be beneficial in all aspects of your career.

  • Opportunity to share your knowledge with others:

    Writing an EBP paper provides you with an opportunity to share your knowledge and expertise with others. This can be done by publishing your paper in a nursing journal or by presenting it at a nursing conference.

  • Potential for professional advancement:

    Writing an EBP paper can demonstrate your commitment to EBP and to your profession. This can make you more competitive for jobs and promotions.

Who reads EBP nursing papers?

EBP nursing papers are read by a variety of people, including:

  • Other nurses:

    Nurses read EBP nursing papers to learn about new research and best practices. They may also read EBP nursing papers to develop their own EBP skills.

  • Nurse educators:

    Nurse educators read EBP nursing papers to stay up-to-date on the latest research and to inform their teaching.

  • Nurse researchers:

    Nurse researchers read EBP nursing papers to learn about the latest research findings and to identify new areas for research.

  • Policymakers:

    Policymakers read EBP nursing papers to inform their decisions about healthcare policies and procedures.

What are some common EBP nursing paper topics?

Some common EBP nursing paper topics include:

  • Patient safety

  • Quality of care

  • Patient outcomes

  • Nursing interventions

  • Nursing education

  • Nursing research

  • Healthcare policy

You can also choose a topic that is more specific to your area of nursing practice or to your interests. For example, a nurse who works in oncology might write an EBP paper on the topic of pain management in cancer patients.


Step 1: Choose a topic

The first step in writing an EBP nursing paper is to choose a topic. When choosing a topic, it is important to consider your interests and expertise. You should also identify a gap in the literature. This means choosing a topic that has not been well-researched or that needs to be updated.

It is also important to choose a topic that is feasible to research and write about. Make sure that you have access to the necessary resources and that you have enough time to complete the project.

Step 2: Conduct a literature review

Once you have chosen a topic, you need to conduct a literature review. This means reading and summarizing the relevant research on your topic. You can find relevant research in academic journals, books, and other scholarly sources.

As you conduct your literature review, be sure to take notes and keep track of your sources. This will help you to write your paper and to cite your sources correctly.

Here are some tips for conducting a literature review:

  • Start by brainstorming a list of keywords related to your topic.
  • Use these keywords to search for articles in academic databases such as PubMed and CINAHL.
  • Limit your search to articles that have been published within the past 5-10 years.
  • Read the abstracts of the articles to identify the ones that are most relevant to your topic.
  • Read the full text of the most relevant articles and take notes on the key findings.
  • Be sure to keep track of the full citations for all of the articles that you read.

Step 3: Develop a thesis statement

Your thesis statement is the main argument or point of your paper. It should be a clear and concise statement that is supported by the evidence that you will present in your paper.

To develop a thesis statement, start by thinking about the main point that you want to make about your topic. Then, write a sentence that summarizes your main point. Your thesis statement should be specific enough to be interesting and arguable, but it should also be general enough to be supported by the evidence that you have found.

Here are some examples of thesis statements for EBP nursing papers:

  • Thesis statement 1:

    The use of evidence-based practice (EBP) can lead to improved patient outcomes.

  • Thesis statement 2:

    The use of patient education materials can improve patient adherence to medication regimens.

  • Thesis statement 3:

    The implementation of a new nursing intervention can reduce the risk of hospital-acquired infections.

Step 4: Create an outline

An outline is a plan for your paper. It should include all of the main points that you want to make in your paper, as well as the supporting evidence for each point.

To create an outline, start by listing your thesis statement at the top of the page. Then, list the main points that you will need to make in order to support your thesis statement. Underneath each main point, list the supporting evidence that you will use.

Your outline should be detailed enough to guide you as you write your paper, but it should also be flexible enough to allow you to make changes as needed.

Step 5: Write your paper

Once you have created an outline, you can start writing your paper. Start by writing a strong introduction that grabs the reader’s attention and introduces your thesis statement.

In the body of your paper, present the evidence that supports your thesis statement. Be sure to cite your sources correctly.

Finally, conclude your paper by summarizing your main points and reiterating your thesis statement.

Step 6: Edit and proofread your paper

Once you have finished writing your paper, be sure to edit and proofread it carefully. Check for any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors. You should also ask a trusted colleague or mentor to review your paper and provide feedback.


Writing an EBP nursing paper can be a challenging task, but it is also a rewarding one. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can write an EBP nursing paper that is informative, engaging, and well-written.


What are the different types of EBP nursing papers?

There are many different types of EBP nursing papers, including:

  • Research papers:

    Research papers report the findings of original research on EBP topics.

  • Literature reviews:

    Literature reviews summarize the existing research on a particular EBP topic.

  • Case studies:

    Case studies present in-depth analyses of individual cases related to EBP.

  • Program evaluations:

    Program evaluations assess the effectiveness of EBP programs and interventions.

  • Quality improvement projects:

    Quality improvement projects describe and evaluate EBP initiatives implemented in clinical practice.

  • What are the essential elements of an EBP nursing paper?

    A well-written EBP nursing paper should include the following elements:

    • A clear and concise thesis statement that identifies the main EBP topic or issue being addressed.
    • A literature review that summarizes the relevant research on the EBP topic or issue.
    • A description of the EBP program or intervention being implemented or evaluated.
    • A discussion of the findings and conclusions of the EBP program or intervention.
    • Recommendations for future research or practice related to the EBP topic or issue.

    Where can I find resources to help me write an EBP nursing paper?

  • There are many resources available to help you write an EBP nursing paper. These resources include:
    • The library at your school or university
    • Online databases such as PubMed and CINAHL
    • Nursing textbooks and journals
    • Nursing organizations such as the American Nurses Association
    • EBP websites such as the Joanna Briggs Institute and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research



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